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Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti Indictment for Bank Robbery, 1920
Two Italian-born anarchists living in Boston were executed for allegedly murdering two men during a 1920 bank robbery despite overwhelming evidence against the pair. This particular case may have been the result of xenophobia and fear of radical communism, rather than one that invoked the sentiments. Either way, in the midst of the (first) Red Scare, Atlantic writer Sage Stossel wrote that "it was clear that both the judge and jury were prejudiced against immigrants with radical political beliefs." It is now widely believed that the two men were innocent.
The year prior in 1919, a militant anarchist named Carlo Validinoci blew up the front of Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer's home in DC, precipitating the the Palmer Raids of 1919 and 1920 in which 10,000 individuals suspected of radical leftist activity were arrested, 3,500 were held in detention, and 556 foreigners were eventually deported under the Immigration Act of 1918.