INDIANAPOLIS (IndyStar) -- More than 150 new state laws passed by the 2014 Indiana General Assembly go into effect Tuesday. Here's a list of laws you will want to know about.
• Concussion awareness training required for football coaches. Coaches of football players younger than 20 must be certified in concussion awareness at least every two years. The law also mandates a 24-hour waiting period before an athlete who is believed to have sustained a concussion may return to play. The legislation bolsters existing state laws that required schools to distribute information about concussions to all athletes and gave medical staff the final say on clearing players after a head injury. It also extends the regulations to leagues and teams that aren't affiliated with schools but use public parks or fields to play and practice.
• Restructured criminal code. Among the changes, the law creates minimum sentences for the most violent felonies and tacks at least six to 20 extra years onto habitual felons' sentences. It also increases penalties for drug offenses involving heroin, cocaine and methamphetamine.
• Schools no longer gun-free zones. People who legally carry guns will be allowed to have them in school parking lots. The law extends to parents, teachers and student members of gun clubs and shooting sports teams, removing a felony-level penalty. It also prohibits school corporations from preventing teachers and staff from having guns in their cars while parked on campus.
• Restrictions on abortion coverage. Accident and sickness insurance policies and health maintenance organization contracts won't be allowed to provide coverage for abortions in certain circumstances. They will be allowed to cover abortions through a rider or endorsements. The ban doesn't apply to pregnancies that resulted from rape or incest or in cases when a woman could die or become seriously injured.
• Lifeline law expands immunities. Indiana's Lifeline Law will be expanded to provide protection to underage drinkers who call 911 to report illegal activity. Existing immunities had applied only in alcohol-related medical emergencies. Now, reports of sexual assaults and other crimes will be protected, too. Police and prosecutors are being given more discretion in cases when crimes and medical emergencies are reported by someone under the influence of an illegal drug, although they won't receive full immunity.
• Gas use tax. The state will change how it calculates tax on gasoline to a model that could change the tax rate from month to month. Under the new gas usage tax, the rate will be 7 percent of the average price of gas the previous month. This means prices could shift at the beginning of each month as the tax is recalculated. Currently, Indiana taxes gas at 19 cents per gallon, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration. That rate does not fluctuate each month.
• Agriculture trespassing. Penalties will be strengthened for trespassers who damage farm property. A new law classifies farm damage as institutional criminal mischief, at minimum a Class A misdemeanor. This means farms will be treated the same as churches, schools and community centers in cases of property damage.